Yet the question raised remains, how did it all come to be? Early in his bee hiving journey, Antoine Kaddoum learned two valuable lessons: pottery jars are not the international norm and quality is nothing but a function of the variety of the flower blossoms.

On the first hand, following research and discovery, Antoine deemed it wise to improve the harvesting techniques by opting for wooden beehives, hence the quick replacement of the pottery jars.

On the second hand, the “don’t harm the bees” commandment was extended to the golden rule “provide the bees with the richest array of flowers.” Therefore, in search of the most abundant terrains, Antoine Kaddoum was one of the first to transport his beehives to different territories and various altitudes following seasonal flower blossoms allowing bees to feed on nectar of flowers and on honeydew of trees in the longest part of the year as possible. Antoine wanted to capitalize on Lebanon’s climate and landscape as Lebanon boasts one of the highest densities of floral diversity in the Mediterranean basin well known for their curative properties. Consequently, Kaddoum bees are collected from more than 20 regions in the country. In a yearly cycle, beehives pass from the Cedartrees in Jaj, Oak trees in Ghazir, Dlebta, Annaya, Mishmech, Medlar trees in Saida, Orange trees in Tyre, Hawthorn, Thorns and Wildflowers in Bentael, the mountainous area of Sannine, Oyoun el Simane, Faraya, Laqlouq, Aqoura and Hrajel.

Thanks to such variety of Lebanese wildflower, herbs, forest, and thyme, Kaddoum Honey has unique flavors and is the result of a careful selection process involving the best honey varieties from all over Lebanon. In this grand tour, both the productivity and the quality of the honey are enabled to reach optimal levels. The color, flavor, and even aroma of a particular variety of honey may differ depending on the nectar source of flowers visited by the honeybees. This guarantees a rich pure varieties of honey.



Honey extraction is the central process in beekeeping of removing honey from honeycomb so that it is isolated in a pure liquid form.
The honey is stored by honey bees in their beeswax honeycomb; in framed bee hives, the honey is stored on a wooden structure called a frame.

The honey frames are typically harvested in end-summer, when they will be most filled with honey. On a completely filled frame, the cells will be capped over by the bees for storage; that is, each cell containing honey will be sealed with a capping made of beeswax. Once uncapped, the frames are then placed in a honey extractor, which spins them so that most of the honey is removed by centrifugal force.

Honey extracted is stored in stainless steel barrels for about 10 days before being filtrated from all kind of impurity such as bees, wings of bees. Kaddoum Honey is extracted at cold, a method that keeps all the medicinal and nutritional properties of the natural honey.